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PTE考试中SWT高频真题讲解(二)

2020.02.11

  在PTE写作部分中,考生首先要面对的题型是Summarize Written Test,即总结摘要,也是PTE考试的一个难点。PTE写作考试中一般有2-3个摘要题,每题理论时间10分钟。在每个题目中,考生需要审阅概括一篇300-500字的小文章,并用一句话凝练。

  真题举例

  It has been claimed that everything of importance that originated in Italy from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts. Early on, Cimabue and Duccio da Siena were the two masters whose Madonna’s had given the new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame. They were the heralds of the time when poetry of sentiment, beauty of colour, animation and individuality of form replaced Medieval formality and ugliness; a time when the spirit of art revived with an impulse prophetic of its coming glory. It is important to remember that the art of the Renaissance had, in the beginning, a distinct office to fill in the service of the Church. Later, in historical and decorative painting it served the State, and at length in portrait and landscape painting, in pictures of genre subjects and still-life, abundant opportunity was afforded for all orders of talent, and the generous patronage of art by church, state, and men of rank and wealth made Italy a veritable paradise for artists. Gradually, with the revival of learning, artists were free to give greater importance to secular subjects and an element of worldliness, and even of immorality, invaded the realm of art as it invaded the realms of life and literature. This was an era of change in all departments of life.

test

  Chivalry, the great "poetic lie," died with feudalism.

  做paraphrase可以从以下三个方面入手:

  同义词替换

  同近义词替换是最省心省力的paraphrase方法,像是本文中的everything of importance that originated in Italy from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts,这句话限定词很多,又不能一概舍弃,只好找出同近义词来给本句“大换血”。如句中的importance可以换成significance,distinctive可以写作unique。

  这种方法唯一的要求是一些词汇量的积累。再次建议大家背单词的时候要将同类单词、形音相近单词、同词根放在一起记,这样不仅记起来快,用起来也格外顺手。

  词性替换

  这种方法考过雅思的同学应该都不陌生,主要是名词、动词、形容词之间的互相转换,在转换的过程中也带动了句子结构的变化。还是那刚刚的句子举例。上一句中 bore the distinctive mark of Fine Arts这段,我们已经同第一种方法将它变成了bore the unique mark of Fine Arts,但这还不够,我们还可以进一步将mark变成动词,这样这句就变成了mark with the uniqueness of Fine Arts。

  总结与概括

  以上两种方法虽然好用,但只适用于已经精简过的关键字的paraphrase大多时候,同学们还是要在长段的文字里捞出主干,这就要求总结与概括能力,好在这也是有窍门的!对于释型内容,同学们要着重找“为了什么在做这些解释?”,而对于文中所举的例子,则要看“这个例子是为了证明哪个论点?”。

  如文中的Early on, Cimabue and Duccio da Siena were the two masters whose Madonna’s had given the new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame. They were the heralds of the time when poetry of sentiment, beauty of colour, animation and individuality of form replaced Medieval formality and ugliness; a time when the spirit of art revived with an impulse prophetic of its coming glory.这一部分,行文运用了大量的排比,但实际上,从两个the time和前文的指代词they可以看出,它只是为了说明契马布埃和杜乔料位大师的画作为这一时代带来的冲击和将来可预见的荣耀,即new impulse to painting and brought them immortal fame就是他所阐述的内容,在此基础上再做进一步的加工就可以了。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE写作考试要点及真题讲解,希望对大家有所帮助。更多PTE考试怎么取消、为什么要考PTE等问题可以咨询我们。

PTE考试中SWT高频真题讲解(二)

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