Summarize Written Text是PTE写作部分的题型。而说到Summary, 有些同学觉得很容易，不就是归纳主旨么，从小就练呀。但是对于另一部分同学来说，中文考试中的中心都不一定归纳出来，英文就更难啦。
下面我们结合一道真题，来讲一下做Summarize Written Text应遵循的答题步骤，希望可以帮到大家。
In 2005 Japan had the highest median age of all countries in the world, while Australia's population was only moderately aged. Some 50 years ago the demographic situation was quite different, with the median age of Australia's population being seven years older than Japan's.
The ageing of the population is a major issue for Australian policy makers, particularly in regard to the long-term implications for reduced economic growth and the increasing demand for Age Pensions, and health and aged care services. As the population ages, growth in the number of people of working age will slow, while the proportion of people of retirement age will increase.
Sustained population ageing also leads to slowing or negative population growth. While declining population growth in developed countries is welcomed by some environmentalist and social scientists, economists tend to agree that population decline brings gloomy economic prospects. In addition to the decrease in the labour supply, the demand side of the economy may be affected through shrinking markets for goods and services.
How quickly this occurs depends on the dynamics of fertility, mortality and overseas migration. While a moderate pace of demographic change allows for gradual adjustment of the economy and policies to the changing population demographics, rapid changes are more difficult to manage. As a result, governments and society as a whole may need to take actions to address these issues. But how severe is the ageing of Australia's population, relative to other countries?
One way of applying a degree of perspective to the ageing debate is to compare ageing in Australia with that of other countries. This article examines the population structures in Australia and Japan and the demographic forces that shape the respective populations, both historically and projections for the future.
我们都知道英文和中文最大的区别就在于英文文章结论在前，中文结论在后。我们要找到文章的主题内容一般要在文章第一段里找，通读文章第一段话，我们可以知道这一段主要表达Australia's population was only moderately aged compared with the figure of Japan这个主题。
第二段主要说的是population is a major issue for Australian policy makers及原因。
第三段主要说的是Sustained population ageing also leads to slowing or negative population growth.
第四段主要说的是：the pace of demographic change affects the difficulty of adjustment of the economy.
通读全文后，我们知道第一、第二段之间存在着转折逻辑关系，第二、第三段之间存在着因果逻辑关系，第四段是对第三段内容的进一步延伸，第五段是对第四段最后一个句子how severe is the ageing of Australia's population, relative to other countries的回答，因此将各部分的重点恰当地连接起来就得出了这么个句子：
AlthoughAustralia's population was moderately aged compared with the figure for Japan, the ageing of the population is a major issue for Australian policy makers and actions are need to address the issue,becauseit leads slowing or negative population growth and gloomy economic prospects, decreasing the labour supply and the demand of economy through shrinking markets, whose speed affects the difficulty of adjustment of the economy through dynamics of fertility, mortality and overseas migration. (75 words)
最后一步就是检查写出的答案是否有语法错误，有则及时纠正。至此，Summarize Written Text的整个解题步骤基本完成