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干货:PTE听力SST高频真题讲解

2019.09.10

  PTE听力考试题型跟雅思考试一样,题型多且杂,SST(Summarize spoken text),是其中一种。

  SST的要求简单明了:考生去听2至3个时间长度在1至1.5分钟的英文演讲,然后在10分钟内写出至少50至70字的summary。

  简单说,就是总结演讲说了什么。50-70字,去概括文章的大意,需要很强的能力。

  SST考察的核心能力(5点)

  能够判断听懂不同的口音:这个可以参考我国的方言。老外同我们一样,不同地区的人,口音完全不同。

  能够快速记录下Key point:我们不是天才,没有过目不忘的本领,过耳不忘也做不到。所以必须做笔记。做笔记,只能记Key point。

  能够有效提取有用信息:这跟Key point很接近,但不一样。Keypoint,只是一个大纲,如何润色,则需要你听到的“有用信息”。

干货:PTE听力SST高频真题讲解

  能够简洁明了的组织语言:心里明白,说不出来,写不出来,可不行。写作,是需要天赋,但简单的summary,通过练习,是可以抓住“套路”的。此处应注意,一定要连贯,切记不要“东拉西扯”。

  能够对speech的理解和记忆:没有人能够写下完整的原话,都是转换的。知道大意,然后用自己的话写出来,如是而已。

   参考听力原文:

  Before we consider international environmental law and climate change we need to consider domestic legislation, as it is within the sovereign states that international law is put into practice. This reflects the environmentalists' maxim, 'think globally act locally'. United Kingdom legislative control over the impacts of mans' activity on the environment is not new. As long ago as the reign of Charles II the main concern was the production of smoke from the burning of 'sea coal. Almost all areas of trade and industry were subject to very detailed legislative controls at that time, although some were governed by 'self- regulation' in the form of guilds, who regulated both supply and methods of production.

  However, the measures implemented were mostly ineffective because then, as now, the specifying of legal duties and standards without providing any appropriate enforcement merely indicated good intentions but were of little practical effect.

  The next stage was prompted by the Industrial Revolution with the urbanization of society and its profound effects on the environment. Local industrialists used the Adam Smith model to maximize their economic benefit, but this was to the detriment of the local environment with the operation of 'Gresham's Law' that is, the bad drives out the good. Those industrialists who were concerned for either the health of their employees or the local environment faced higher costs than their competitors. The result was the need for increasingly comprehensive statutory controls on the discharge of pollutants into various receiving media.

  关键词汇解析:

  Sovereign States: 主权国家

  Maxim: 格言

  Legislative control: 法律监督

  Guild: 行会,协会

  Prompt: 促进

  Industrial Revolution: 工业革命

  Urbanization: 城市化

  Adam Smith Model: 亚当·斯密模型 (英国早期最著名的经济学家,著有国富论)

  Discharge of: 排放

  Gresham's Law: 格雷欣法则是一条经济法则,也称劣币驱逐良币法则,意为在双本位货币制度的情况下,两种货币同时流通时,如果其中之一发生贬值,其实际价值相对低于另一种货币的价值,实际价值高于法定价值的 “良币” 将被普遍收藏起来,逐步从市场上消失,最终被驱逐出流通领域,实际价值低于法定价值的 “劣币” 将在市场上泛滥成灾, 导致货币流通不稳定。

   要点分析:

  1. 本文的主旨是domestic legislation of environmental law

  2. 要点一: 2种形式的regulations – legislative control 和 self-regulation, 结果都是收效甚微。

  3. 要点二: 工业革命对环境带来了深远的影响,其结果是要求政府建立更全面的法律监督体系来控制污染物的排放。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE听力考试要点及例题讲解,希望对大家有所帮助。更多PTE机经需要买吗、PTE怎么改考试时间等问题可以咨询我们。

干货:PTE听力SST高频真题讲解

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